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Varanasi (Hindustani pronunciation: [ʋaːˈraːɳəsi] ( listen)), also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras [bəˈnaːrəs] ( listen)) or Kashi (Kāśī [ˈkaːʃi] ( listen)), is an Indian city on the banks of the Ganga in Uttar Pradesh, 320 kilometres (200 mi) south-east of the state capital, Lucknow. It is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism, and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism. Some Hindus believe that death at Varanasi brings salvation. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Varanasi is also known as the favourite city of the Hindu deity Lord Shiva as it has been mentioned in the Rigveda that this city in older times was known as Kashi or "Shiv ki Nagri".[not in citation given] The Kashi Naresh (Maharaja of Kashi) is the chief cultural patron of Varanasi, and an essential part of all religious celebrations. The culture of Varanasi is closely associated with the Ganges. The city has been a cultural centre of North India for several thousand years, and has a history that is older than most of the major world religions. The Benares Gharana form of Hindustani classical music was developed in Varanasi, and many prominent Indian philosophers, poets, writers, and musicians live or have lived in Varanasi. Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath, located near Varanasi. Varanasi is the spiritual capital of India. It is often referred to as "the holy city of India", "the religious capital of India", "the city of shiva", and "the city of learning". Scholarly books have been written in the city, including the Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas. Today, there is a temple of his namesake in the city, the Tulsi Manas Mandir. The current temples and religious institutions in the city are dated to the 18th century. One of the largest residential universities of Asia, the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), is located here.
Gorakhpur is a city along the banks of Rapti river in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division. The city is also home to Gorakhnath temple and many historic Buddhist sites and the Gita Press, world's largest publisher of Hindu religious texts. It is also the headquarters of North Eastern Railways and serves an important center for education and trade. Gorakhpur is a religious center containing many historic temples and sites for both Hinduism and Buddhism. It is named after the ascetic Guru Gorakshnath, a saint that popularized “Hath Yoga” a form of yoga which concentrates on mastering natural power. The Gorakhnath Temple where he studied is a major tourist attraction in the city of Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur has 10 railway stations within its city limit that is Gorakhpur junction, Gorakhpur cantt, Domingarh, Kushmi, Nakaha jungle, Maniram, Sahjanwa, Unaula, Sihapar, and Jagatbela. The Gorakhshapitheshwara(Head Priest of Gorakhnath temple) is the cultural head of the city. The current M.P from Gorakhpur is Adityanath Yogi the successor of shri Avaidyanath, the head priest of Gorakhnath Mutt. Many promiment poets and politicians are from Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur is often said to be the center of Nath Sampradaya.
Mau, now known as Maunath Bhanjan, is an industrial town in Uttar Pradesh, India. Located nearly 120 km from Varanasi on the banks of Tamsa (Choti Saryu). It is a major centre of the textile weavers. It is divided into 4 tehsils, 9 blocks, 596 gram panchayats and 1644 villages. The Tamasa river flows through the city. In the 1960s it was the biggest supplier of a plant called plash. This town is the headquarters of the Mau district. Etymology of the name Many myths are popular regarding history of Mau district. The word 'Mau' means 'padaav' or 'chhavani' in Turkish language i.e. barrack. The city was used as barracks by many a rulers since long times. Shershah Suri, Akbar, Aurangzeb are the prominent rulers who used the city in such a way. There is a mosque, built by Aurangzaib's sister Jahan Aara Beghum, the shahi mosque attached with a number of barracks (can be seen still now) in mohalla keyari tola. It is also believed by the People of Mau that centuries before lived a man (a natt), a dancer named 'Muhoo Natt Bhajjan', who was cruel in nature. He always use to tease people the entire area therefore, a Holy man (Pandit, who was the chief of the area) asked him to leave that area, for the sake of his people, to which he replied negatively. Then the Pandit challenged him to wrestle and win. If he wins, Pandit will leave the area else he himself will. After the wrestle the Pandit won. Pandit asked the natt to leave the place at once. He agreed and kept his condition to leave. He asked the Pandit to keep the name of his area on his (Natt's) name. Pandit agreed and gave the name of his area 'Muhoo Natt Bhajjan'. This named was further changed to 'Maunath Bhanjan'.
Azamgarh, one of the easternmost districts of Uttar Pradesh, once formed a part of the ancient Kosala kingdom, except its north-eastern part. Azamgarh was founded in 1665. After the attack of Chabile Ram, Azmat Khan fled northwards followed by the interior forces. He attempted to cross the Ghaghra into Gorakhpur, but the people on the other side opposed his landing, and he was either shot in mid stream or was drowned in attempting to escape by swimming. In 1688 A.D. during Azamt's[dubious – discuss] lifetime, his eldest son Ekram took part in the management of the state, and after Azam's[dubious – discuss] death he was perhaps left in possession together with Mohhabat, another son. The remaining two sons were taken away and for a time detained as hostages for their brothers' 'good behaviour'. The successor of Ikram finally confirmed the title of his family to the Jamidari. Ikram left no heirs and was succeeded by Iradat, son of Mohhabat. But the real ruler all along had been Mohhabat, and after Ikram's death, he continued to rule in his son's name.
Dohrighat is a historical city. Ram and Lord Shiva meet here then it was name of Dohrighat. Here situated two temple like Janki Mandir and Gauri shanker Ghat. Dohrighat is very nice place. Author:-Anupam rai and Rajay Yadav Basiyaram Dohrighat Mau. The name: Dohri ghat (Do Hari) comes from the fact that two Vishnu (Hari) avatars met here - 6th avatar Parshuram, and 7th avatar Shri Ram. On the way back from Mithila, after Sita-Ram marriage, Parshuram met Shri Ram here, and tested that He was truly the one who broke Shiva's arrow. This historical place, thus, is known as Dohri ghat. (- added by Shri Ram bhakta Ajinkya Kher)
Barhalganj is a town in the municipality of Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. The town is surrounded by several rivers, which are of religious significance to the Hindu population in Uttar Pradesh. Barhalganj is situated on the left bank of the Ghaghra river, a tributary of the Ganges, and the town is connected to the district of Mau by a bridge over the Saryu river. The town of Barhalganj is situated along NH-29, which links the holy city of Varanasi to the India-Nepal border town of Nautanwa. Although significant development of Barhalganj by the Uttar Pradesh state government began in April 1958, in 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj identified the district of Gorakhpur as India's 250th most impoverished district. Barhalganj is under the administrative responsibility of Gorakhpur district headquarters, and is one of 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). The town has a Bazaar that attracts people from nearby villages and towns. Saris purchased at Barhalganj's market are highly coveted within the Gorakpur district. Barhalganj has national and international banking facilities including the State Bank of India, Purvanchal Bank (Formerly known as Purvanchal Gramin Bank), Oriental Bank of Commerce, the Union Bank of India, HDFC Bank,Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) and the Punjab National Bank.Purvanchal Bank is sponsored by the State Bank of India. State Bank of India Barhalganj Branch is known as the largest rural branch of the State Bank of India. Barhalganj will be declared to a Nagar Palika.